Investigation on Five Years (2010 – 2014) Food Poisonings Recorded in Bamenda and Ndop Public Hospitals, Cameroon

Jean Sonchieu, Michel Azouline, Benoit Martin Ngassoum

Abstract



ABSTRACT
Context. In Cameroon, food poisoning has become a public health concern. Objectives. This study aimed to provide information on food poisoning cases recorded in four (4) main public hospitals (Regional Hospital Bamenda, Bambui Health District, PMI Hospital and Ndop Health District) of the North-West Region, from 2010 to 2014. Methods. The collection of data was based on extracting patients’ information from daily record books of the hospitals using a form. Data analysis was performed using statistical software package SPSS 16.0. Results. Among 323,169 persons consulted, 252 peoples were poisoned through food: 48% women and 52% men aged between 1 and 70 years with highest number raging between 5 and 35 years old (85%); the year 2011 recorded the highest number of food intoxicated patients (26%), most of the patients were farmers and students; Bamenda Regional Hospital scored the highest number (42%); Mile 4, Bambui and Akum were sectors presenting the highest number of residents (total of 27%); pesticides were the most frequent toxic, over the 252 people consulted, only 75% recovered; the most frequent symptoms were vomiting, diarrhea, stomachache and headache; foods consumed were indigenous (Achu, fufu corn, fresh cassava, plantains, sweet potatoes, beans, meat among others ) and water; treatment given was indigenous (milk, red oil and charcoal) or adequate medicines once received in the hospital. Conclusion. Education on good hygienic practices becomes necessary for the population and farmers should be trained on handling, manipulating and storing pesticides methods.

RÉSUMÉ
Contexte. Au Cameroun, les intoxications alimentaires font légion. Objective. Cette étude a pour objectif de récolter les informations sur des intoxications alimentaires reçus dans quelques hôpitaux de la Région Nord-Ouest, Cameroun : Regional Hospital Bamenda, Bambui Health District, PMI Hospital et Ndop Health District), entre 2010 et 2014. Méthodes. Les informations collectées, à l’aide d’un formulaire, sont issues des données mentionnées dans les enregistres au sujet des malades empoisonnés. L’analyse des données s’est faite à l’aide du logiciel statistique SPSS 16.0. Résultats. Ils montrent que : 323,169 personnes ont été consultées pendant cette période, parmi elles 252 avaient été intoxiqués par des aliments, soient 48% femmes et 52% hommes dont l’âge variait de 1 à 70 ans avec une forte concentration entre 5 et 35 ans (85%); l’année 2011 présente le niveau de fréquence le plus élevée (26%); la majorité des patients étaient des agriculteurs et élèves (étudiants); Mile 4, Bambui et Akum sont des zones d’origine de plusieurs patients (27%); les pesticides étaient le toxique le plus récurrent ; seulement 75% des patients ont recouvré leur état de santé normal; les symptômes les plus fréquents étaient vomissement, diarrhée, colique et maux de tête; les aliments consommes: taro, couscous mais, plantains, manioc frais, patate douce, haricot, viande et l’eau ; les traitements les plus administrés étaient indigènes (lait, charbon actif , huile rouge) ou médicaux. Conclusion. Il s’avère nécessaire d’éduquer les populations sur l’hygiène alimentaire et de former les agriculteurs sur les précautions de manutention, manipulation et pulvérisation des pesticides.


Keywords


food poisoning, hospital records, patients, symptoms

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