Connaissances, Attitudes et Pratiques des Professionnels de la Santé sur le Cancer du Sein à l’Hôpital Général de Yaoundé, Cameroun

Jean Dupont Kemfang, Line Flore Bommo, Joel Fokom Domgue, Anny Ngassam, Claude Cyrille Noa, Jovanny Fouogue Tsuala, Emmanuel Fongang, Jean Marie Kasia

Abstract


RÉSUMÉ
OBJECTIFS. Cette étude avait pour objectif d’évaluer les connaissances, attitude et pratique des professionnels de la santé de l’Hôpital Général de Yaoundé sur le dépistage du cancer du sein.
MÉTHODES. Il s’agissait d’une étude transversale descriptive qui s’est déroulée à l’Hôpital Général de Yaoundé (HGY) du 5 février au 5 juin 2014. Les données sur les connaissances, attitude et pratique des professionnels de santé sur le dépistage du cancer du sein étaient collectées par un questionnaire.
RÉSULTATS. Des 330 personnes interrogées, 306 ont accepté de participer à l’étude soit un taux de réponse du personnel de santé de 92%.Tout le personnel de santé (100%) de l’HGY avait déjà entendu parler du cancer du sein. La quasi-totalité (93,5%) de ce personnel a reconnu l’existence de facteurs de risques de cancer du sein. La mammographie et l’auto examen des seins (AES) sont citées comme moyens de dépistage respectivement par 94,1% et 86,6% des participants. Parmi les 195 professionnels de la santé féminins de l’HGY, 157 (80,7%) pratiquaient un dépistage du cancer du sein à titre personnel. Moins du quart (23,5%) de ce personnel pratiquaient régulièrement l’AES tous les mois. La mammographie de dépistage n’était pratiquée que par 22,5% de ce personnel féminin âgés de 45ans et plus.
CONCLUSION. Le personnel de santé de l’HGY a un bon niveau de connaissance du dépistage du cancer du sein. Cependant, son taux de pratique d’un dépistage personnel du cancer du sein par la mammographie ou l’AES mensuelle est faible.

ABSTRACT
OBJECTIVES. This study aimed to assess Knowledge, attitude and practice of breast cancer screening among health workers at Yaoundé General Hospital, Cameroon.
METHODS. This was a descriptive cross-sectional study, which took place at the Yaoundé General Hospital (HGY) from 5 February to 5 June 2014. The data on knowledge, attitude and practice of health professionals on screening breast cancer were collected by a questionnaire.
RESULTS. Of the 330 respondents, 306 agreed to participate in the survey for a response rate of 92% health personnels. All health workers (100%) of the YGH had heard of breast cancer. All health professionals (93.5%) recognized the existence of breast cancer risk factors. Mammography and breast self-exam (BSE) are cited as screening tools respectively by 94.1% and 86.6% of participants. Of the 195 female health professionals at the HGY, 157 (80.7%) practiced breast cancer screening. Less than a quarter (23.5%) of these personnel regularly practice BSE monthly. Screening mammography was practiced by 22.5% of the female employees aged 45 years and older.
Conclusion. Health workers at YGH have a good level of knowledge of breast cancer screening. However, their rate ofpersonal practice of breast cancer screening by mammography and the monthly BSE is low.


Keywords


Dépistage du cancer du sein ; connaissance ; mammographie, auto examen des seins.

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