Connaissances, Attitudes et Pratiques des Professionnels de la Santé sur le Cancer du Sein à l’Hôpital Général de Yaoundé, Cameroun

Jean Dupont Kemfang, Line Flore Bommo, Joel Fokom Domgue, Anny Ngassam, Claude Cyrille Noa, Jovanny Fouogue Tsuala, Emmanuel Fongang, Jean Marie Kasia


OBJECTIFS. Cette étude avait pour objectif d’évaluer les connaissances, attitude et pratique des professionnels de la santé de l’Hôpital Général de Yaoundé sur le dépistage du cancer du sein.
MÉTHODES. Il s’agissait d’une étude transversale descriptive qui s’est déroulée à l’Hôpital Général de Yaoundé (HGY) du 5 février au 5 juin 2014. Les données sur les connaissances, attitude et pratique des professionnels de santé sur le dépistage du cancer du sein étaient collectées par un questionnaire.
RÉSULTATS. Des 330 personnes interrogées, 306 ont accepté de participer à l’étude soit un taux de réponse du personnel de santé de 92%.Tout le personnel de santé (100%) de l’HGY avait déjà entendu parler du cancer du sein. La quasi-totalité (93,5%) de ce personnel a reconnu l’existence de facteurs de risques de cancer du sein. La mammographie et l’auto examen des seins (AES) sont citées comme moyens de dépistage respectivement par 94,1% et 86,6% des participants. Parmi les 195 professionnels de la santé féminins de l’HGY, 157 (80,7%) pratiquaient un dépistage du cancer du sein à titre personnel. Moins du quart (23,5%) de ce personnel pratiquaient régulièrement l’AES tous les mois. La mammographie de dépistage n’était pratiquée que par 22,5% de ce personnel féminin âgés de 45ans et plus.
CONCLUSION. Le personnel de santé de l’HGY a un bon niveau de connaissance du dépistage du cancer du sein. Cependant, son taux de pratique d’un dépistage personnel du cancer du sein par la mammographie ou l’AES mensuelle est faible.

OBJECTIVES. This study aimed to assess Knowledge, attitude and practice of breast cancer screening among health workers at Yaoundé General Hospital, Cameroon.
METHODS. This was a descriptive cross-sectional study, which took place at the Yaoundé General Hospital (HGY) from 5 February to 5 June 2014. The data on knowledge, attitude and practice of health professionals on screening breast cancer were collected by a questionnaire.
RESULTS. Of the 330 respondents, 306 agreed to participate in the survey for a response rate of 92% health personnels. All health workers (100%) of the YGH had heard of breast cancer. All health professionals (93.5%) recognized the existence of breast cancer risk factors. Mammography and breast self-exam (BSE) are cited as screening tools respectively by 94.1% and 86.6% of participants. Of the 195 female health professionals at the HGY, 157 (80.7%) practiced breast cancer screening. Less than a quarter (23.5%) of these personnel regularly practice BSE monthly. Screening mammography was practiced by 22.5% of the female employees aged 45 years and older.
Conclusion. Health workers at YGH have a good level of knowledge of breast cancer screening. However, their rate ofpersonal practice of breast cancer screening by mammography and the monthly BSE is low.


Dépistage du cancer du sein ; connaissance ; mammographie, auto examen des seins.

Full Text:

PDF (Français)


Ferlay J, Soerjomataram I, Ervik M. GLOBOCAN 2012 v1.0, Cancer Incidence and Mortality Worldwide: IARC CancerBase 2013; No. 11. Available from

International Agency for Research on Cancer (2012). Globocan Cameroon fact sheets: breast cancer, Lyon, France, 2012.

Anderson BO, Yip CH, Smith RA, Shyyan R, Sener SF,Eniu A,Carlson RW,Azavedo E, Harford J. Guideline implementation for breast healthcare in low-income and middle-income countries: overview of the Breast Health Global Initiative Global Summit 2007. Cancer2008; 113: 2221–43.)

Yip CH1, Smith RA, Anderson BO, Miller AB, Thomas DB, Ang ES, Caffarella RS, Corbex M, Kreps GL, McTiernan A. Guideline implementation for breast healthcare in low- and middle-income countries: early detection resource allocation. Cancer 2008; 113: 2244–56.

Bekker H, Morrison L, Marteau TM. Breast screening: GPs’ beliefs, attitudes and practices. Fam Pract 1999; 16: 60–5.

Lurie N, Margolis KL, McGovern PG, Mink PJ, Slater JS. Why do patients of female physicians have higher rates of breast cancer and cervical cancer screening? J Gen Int Med 1997; 12: 34–43.

Kemfang Ngowa JD, Kasia JM, Yomi J, Nkigoum Nana A, Ngassam A, Domkam I, Sando Z, Ndom P. Breast Cancer Survival in Cameroon: Analysis of a Cohort of 404 Patients at the Yaoundé General Hospital. Advances in Breast Cancer Research 2015; 4: 44-52.

Okobia MN, Bunker CH, Okonofua FE, Osime U. 2005. Knowledge, attitude and practice of Nigerian women towards breast cancer: A cross-sectional study. World journal of surgical oncology 2006; 4:11.

Odusanya O, Tayo OO. Breast cancer knowledge, attitudes and practice among nurses in Lagos, Nigeria. Acta Oncol. 2001; 40(7):844-8.

Awodele O, Adeyomoye AA, Oreagba IA, Dolapo DC, Anisu DF, Kolawole SO, Ishola IO, Adebayo KA, Akintonwa A. knowledge, attitude and practice of breast cancer screening among nurses in Lagos University teaching hospital, Lagos Nigeria. Nig Q J Hosp Med. 2009 Apr-Jun; 19(2): 114-8.

Bello TO, Olugbenga-Bello A I, Oguntola AS, Adeoti ML, Ojemakinde OM. Knowledge and Practice of Breast Cancer Screening Among Female Nursesand Lay Women in Osogbo, Nigeria. West African Journal of Medicine July–August 2011; 30 (4) 2011; 296-300.

The Cancer Society of New Zealand. Information on Breast cancer.

Humphrey LL, Helfand M, Chan BKS, Woolf SH. Breast Cancer Screening: A Summary of the Evidence for the U.S.Preventive Services Task Force. Ann Intern Med. 2002; 137:347-60.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.