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Abstract

RÉSUMÉ
Introduction. Décrire les infections génitales basses (IGB) chez les patientes infectées par le VIH et suivies au CHU Sanou Sourô. Méthodologie. Étude prospective à visée descriptive qui s’est déroulée du 24 Octobre 2016 au 31 Janvier 2017. Ont été inclus toutes les patientes infectées par le VIH-1 sous traitement antirétroviral (ARV) à l’hôpital de jour adulte de Bobo-Dioulasso en consultation de suivi et ayant donné leur consentement éclairé. Résultats. Au total 306 patientes remplissaient les critères d’éligibilité. L’âge moyen  était de 41,6 ans ±8,4 ans avec des extrêmes allant de 15 à 74 ans. Les femmes mariées étaient dominantes avec (51,70%) suivi des femmes veuves avec (29%). Les signes cliniques prédominants étaient les pertes blanches (45,42 %), suivi des démangeaisons (42,40%). Parmi les femmes, 198 (64,71%) avaient des leucorrhées épaisses, 4 avaient des leucorrhées filantes. Et 253 (82,68%) avaient des leucorrhées de couleur blanchâtres et 38 (12,42%) de couleur jaunâtre. Quarante-trois  (14,05%) avaient un score de Nugent  intermédiaire et 94 (30,72%)  avaient une flore évocatrice d’une vaginose bactérienne .Et 188 (61,44%) patientes  avaient une infection génitale basse. Parmi les  306 femmes, 282 (92,16%) patientes étaient infectées par le VIH-1. 240 (78,43%) patientes avaient un nombre de lymphocytes CD4 > à 500 cellules/µl et 290 avaient une charge virale indétectable. Conclusion. Cette étude montre l’existence des IGB  chez les femmes infectées par le VIH au Burkina Faso bien qu’elles soient sous traitement ARV avec une charge virale indétectable.

ABSTRACT
Objective. To describe lower genital infections (GBI) in patients infected with HIV and monitored at the CHU Sanou Sourô. Methods. This was a prospective descriptive study which took place from October 24, 2016 to January 31, 2017. All patients infected with HIV-1 were included under ARV treatment at the adult day hospital in Bobo-Dioulasso in follow-up consultation and having given their informed consent. Results. A total of 306 patients met the eligibility criteria. Their mean age was 41.6 ± 8.4 years with extremes ranging from 15 to 74 years. Married women were dominant with (51.70%) followed by widowed women with (29%). The predominant clinical signs were white discharge (45.42%), followed by itching (42.40%). Among the women, 198 (64.71%) had thick leucorrhoea, 4 had stringy leucorrhoea. And 253 (82.68%) had whitish-colored leucorrhoea and 38 (12.42%) yellowish-colored. Forty-three (14.05%) had an intermediate Nugent score and 94 (30.72%) had a flora suggestive of bacterial vaginosis. And 188 (61.44%) patients had a lower genital infection. Among the 306 women, 282 (92.16%) patients were infected with HIV-1. 240 (78.43%) patients had CD4 lymphocyte counts> 500 cells/µl and 290 had an undetectable viral load. Conclusion. This study shows the existence of GBI in women infected with HIV in Burkina Faso although they are on ARV treatment with an undetectable viral load.

 

 

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How to Cite
Zoungrana, J., Zoungrana, J., Tovo, S. A., Dembele, A., Diallo, I., Kabore, N. F., Sawadogo, Y., Diendere, E. A., Sondo, K. A., Poda, A., & Ouédraogo, A. S. (2021). Infections Génitales Basses chez les Femmes Infectées par le VIH Suivies au CHU Sanou Sourô (Bobo-Dioulasso). HEALTH SCIENCES AND DISEASE, 22(2). Retrieved from https://hsd-fmsb.org/index.php/hsd/article/view/2503

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