Echographie Endorectale dans la Recherche Etiologique de l’Infertilité Masculine à Yaoundé.

Alim Oumarou, Odile Fernande Zeh, Cathy Monabang Zoe, Achille Mbassi, P Mvogo Minkala, Samuel Nko'o Amvene

Abstract


OBJECTIVES

To describe the prostatic and vesiculo-deferential lesions identified by ultrasound that may be the cause of masculine infertility in Cameroon.

 

METHODS

We conducted a descriptive cross sectional study in Yaounde between January and December 2012. Eligible patients were men who came for the management of masculine infertility. Clinical and biochemical tests were performed, along with transrectal prostate ultrasound. Recorded lesions were : cyst of the median zone of the prostate, dilation of the ejaculatory ducts greater than 2 mm, calcifications in the ejaculatory ducts, dilation of the seminal vesicles (antero-posterior diameter greater than 15 mm), hypoplasia or agenesis of the seminal vesicles (antero-posterior diameter less than 7 mm), agenesis of the vas deferens and calcification of the prostate.

 

RESULTS

The sample was made up of a total of 50 patients. The mean age was 37 years with the extremes being 25 and 60 years. Patients aged 31 to 40 years made up 32% of the sample. 35 patients (70%) had primary infertility. 16 patients (32%) had azoospermia and 1 (2%) had an oligozoospermia. Sonographic lesions were found in 64% of the patients with azoospermia and in 16% of patients in non azoospermic patients. Lesions were either acquired or congenital: 4 patients (8%) had vas deferens agenesis, 4 patients had calcifications in the ejaculatory ducts, 3 patients (6%) had a cyst in the middle zone of the prostate, 3 patients had seminal vesiculitis, 2 patients (4%) had agenesis of the ejaculatory ducts and 2 patients had an infection of the prostate. 14 patients (28%) had a normal rectal ultrasound.

 

CONCLUSION

Genital rectal ultrasound provides valuable information in the diagnosis and management of male infertility, especially in the case of azoospermia.


Keywords


Echographie endorectalfertilité masculine, azoospermie ,Yaoundé.

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