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Abstract


ABSTRACT
Background. Self-medication refers to self-prescription, which includes diagnosing and treating one’s own illness and prescribing for one’s self. Studies show that prevalence rates range from 38% to 97.8% depending on the students’ country of origin and graduation course. The aim of this study was to determine prevalence and associated factors of Self-medication among nursing student trainees at Ngozi Hospital-Burundi. Materials and Methods. A descriptive cross sectional study was conducted among 384 nursing student trainees at Ngozi Hospital. Data were analyzed by Stata software version 16. Results. The prevalence of self-medication was 58.07% (CI 95%: 53.07- 63.07). The mean age was 26.16±2.81 years. Among all the study participants 66.67% were from the third year of university nursing student, 3.91% were nursing paramedical pupils. The main reasons for self-medicating in the last three months were the belief that they had knowledge (41.61%), minor health problem (22.36%). Self-medication was influenced by relative advices (13.66%) and low income (10.56%). Different categories of medicine used were paracetamol (58.39%), antibiotics (16.77%), ibuprofen (8.07%) and other drugs (11.8%). On multivariate analysis, factors associated with self-medication were, level of study (OR= 3.48; 95% CI: 2.89–6.40; p<0.0001), and protestant religion (OR=3.88, 95% CI: 2.21–6.85; p<0.0001). Conclusion. Our results underline the need for enhancing the education of nursing students regarding the rational use of medicine.


RÉSUMÉ
Introduction. L'automédication fait référence à l'auto-prescription, qui comprend le diagnostic et le traitement de sa propre maladie. Les études montrent que la prévalence varie de 38% à 97,8 % en fonction du pays d'origine des étudiants et de leur cursus. L'objectif de cette étude était de déterminer la prévalence et les facteurs associés de l'automédication chez les étudiants stagiaires en soins infirmiers à l'hôpital de Ngozi-Burundi. Matériels et Méthodes. Une étude descriptive transversale a été menée auprès de 384 étudiants stagiaires en soins infirmiers à l'hôpital de Ngozi. L’ensemble des analyses a été réalisé à l’aide du logiciel Stata 16. Résultats. La prévalence de l'automédication était de 58,07% (IC 95% : 53,07- 63,07) avec un âge moyen de 26,16±2,81 ans. La majorité des participants (66,67%) était en troisième année d'études universitaires. Les principales raisons de l'automédication étaient : avoir des connaissances (41,61%) et un problème de santé mineur (22,36%). L'automédication était influencée par les conseils de la famille (13,66%) et les faibles revenus (10,56%). Les médicaments utilisés étaient le paracétamol (58,39%), les antibiotiques (16,77%), l'ibuprofène (8,07%) et les autres médicaments (11,8%). En analyse multivariée, les facteurs associés à l'automédication étaient, le niveau d'étude (OR= 3,48 ; IC 95% : 2,89-6,40 ; p<0,0001), et la religion protestante (OR=3,88, IC 95%:2,21-6,85; p<0,0001). Conclusion. Nos résultats soulignent la nécessité d'améliorer la formation des étudiants en soins infirmiers concernant l'utilisation rationnelle des médicaments.

Keywords

Self-medication, nursing students, Ngozi-Burundi Automédication, étudiants en soins infirmiers, Ngozi-Burundi

Article Details

How to Cite
Nahimana, . T., Harimenshi , D., Ntawukuriryayo, G., & Girukwishaka, D. (2021). Self-Medication and Associated Factors among Nursing Student Trainees at Ngozi Hospital-Burundi. HEALTH SCIENCES AND DISEASE, 23(1). Retrieved from https://hsd-fmsb.org/index.php/hsd/article/view/3214

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