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Abstract

Abstract


Introduction. Low birth weight continues to be a major public health problem and is associated with a lot of short and long term consequences in both low and hiigh income countries.  The objective of the work was to assess the factors associated with low birth weight in the communities of Bamako. Methodology. Quantitative, descriptive and cross-sectional study using a questionnaire to assess the associated factors of low birth weight among children in the communities of Bamako. The population of this study concerned mother-newborn couples in Bamako communes. Results. A total of 502 mother-child couples were included in this study. The prevalence of low birth weight was 14.5%. All mothers had benefited from antenatal care, and more than half of the mothers received 4 or more antenatal care during their last pregnancy. Diseases like malaria, urogenital infection, bleeding were declared by mothers.  We found that newborn sex (P< 0.001), maternal age (P< 0.001), gravidity (P=0.04) and nutritional status (P=0.04) were significantly associated with low birth weight.  Conclusion. There is a statistically significant association between low birth weight and newborn sex, maternal age, gravidity and nutritional status. Our study highlights the need of maternal health interventions to improve newborn health.


Résumé


Introduction. L'insuffisance pondérale à la naissance continue d'être un important problème de santé publique à l'échelle mondiale et est associée à une série de conséquences à court et à long terme, aussi bien dans les pays en voie de développement que dans les pays développés. L’objectif de ce travail est d’évaluer les facteurs associés au faible poids de naissance dans les communes de Bamako au Mali. Méthodologie. Étude quantitative, descriptive et transversale utilisant un questionnaire pour évaluer les facteurs associés du faible poids de naissance chez les enfants dans les communes de Bamako au Mali. La population de cette étude a concerné les couples mères-nouveau nés dans les communes de Bamako, au Mali. Résultats. Au total 502 couples mère-enfant ont été inclus dans cette étude. La prévalence du faible poids de naissance était de 14,5%. Toutes les mères avaient bénéficié de consultation prénatale et plus de la moitié des mères avaient bénéficiées de 4 consultations prénatales ou plus lors de leur dernière grossesse. Des pathologies comme le paludisme, l’infection uro-génitale, le saignement ont été expérimentées par les mères. Cette étude a trouvé que le sexe du nouveau-né ( P< 0,001), l’âge des mères ( P< 0,001) , la gestité (P=0,04) et l’IMC (P=0,04) étaient significativement associés au faible de poids de naissance. Conclusion. Le sexe de l’enfant, l’âge de la mère, la gestité et l’état nutritionnel (IMC) sont significativement associés au faible poids de naissance. Les résultats de cette étude mettent en évidence la nécessité d'interventions de santé maternelle pour améliorer la santé des nouveau-nés.

Article Details

How to Cite
Ghislain Poda, Kone, H., Cisse, H. ., Traore, F., Mounkoro, N., Diallo, D., & Poda, P. (2022). Factors Associated with Low Birth Weight of Children in the Communities of Bamako (Mali). HEALTH SCIENCES AND DISEASE, 23(12). Retrieved from https://hsd-fmsb.org/index.php/hsd/article/view/4034

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