Female's Eye Injuries due to Domestic Violence in Brazzaville

W Atipo Tsiba, G Noa, S Ebana, IA Diomande


INTRODUCTION: In traditional African society the social status of women remains precarious. The spouse who has ''spent money to acquire'' a woman often claims to have ''all rights''. In some cases the woman is subjected to abuse that can lead to death.
OBJECTIVE : To describe eye injuries in women victims of domestic violence in Brazzaville.
DESIGN OF THE STUDY: Cross-sectional study conducted at the University Hospital of Brazzaville between January 2013 and December 2014 on the basis of a survey sheet. The following parameters were analyzed: age and education level of spouses (inferior before the university, superior from the university), reason of dispute, mechanism of trauma, lesions observed.
SUBJECTS/PARTICIPANTS: Women admitted for an eye injury that couldjeopardize the visual and / or vital prognosis (involment of another important organ during the same traumatism) due to a domestic violence.
RESULTS: 15 women (corresponding to 15 men) were recruited. The average age of men and women was respectively 55 ± 10 and 35 ± 13 years. 73.33% of men had higher level of education compared to 53.33% of women. The main reasons of violence were jealousy (46.67%) and finance (26.67%). The main mechanism of injury was: punch (80.00%). The main lesions were: bursting of the eyeball (40.00%) and fracture of the orbital floor (26.67%).
CONCLUSION: Domestic violence was responsible of eye injuries leading to irreversible blindness. 


Women and domestic violence, bursting of the eyeball.

Full Text:



Doku DT, Asante KO.Women's approval of domestic physical violence against wives: analysis of the Ghana demographic and health survey. BMC Womens Health. 2015 21;15:120.

Issahaku PA. Health implications of partner violence against women in Ghana. Violence Vict. 2015;30(2):250- 64.

Kalokhe A, Del Rio C, Dunkle K, Stephenson R, Metheny N, Paranjape A et al. Domestic violence against women in India: A systematic review of a decade of quantitative studies. Glob Public Health. 2016;17:1- 16.

Aghakhani N, Sharif Nia H, Moosavi E, Eftekhari A, Zarei A, Bahrami N et al.Study of the Types of Domestic Violence Committed Against Women Referred to the Legal Medical Organization in Urmia - Iran. Iran J Psychiatry Behav Sci. 2015;9(4):e2446.

Dillon G, Hussain R, Kibele E, Rahman S, Loxton D.Influence of Intimate Partner Violence on Domestic Relocation in Metropolitan and Non-Metropolitan Young Australian Women. Violence Against Women. 2016 [Epub ahead of print].

Anes Jellali I, Jellali MA, Gataa R, Mechri A.Violence against women in the marriage : Cross-sectional study in the family planning clinic Monastir. Tunis Med. 2015;93(8-9):516- 22.

Beck SR, Freitag SL, Singer N. Ocular injuries in battered women. Ophthalmology. 1996;103(1):148- 51.

Cheung AK, Choi SY. Non-Traditional Wives With Traditional Husbands: Gender Ideology and Husband-to-Wife Physical Violence in Chinese Society. Violence Against Women. 2016. [Epub ahead of print].

Bogdănici C.Incidence of ocular injuries in women. Rev Med Chir Soc Med Nat Iasi. 2001;105(1):109- 10.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.