Fréquence et Facteurs Associés aux Grossesses dans les Lycées et Collèges du Département du Borgou en 2020

A Alassani, R Mikponhoue, M Adjobimey, AV Hinsou, P Gandaho

Abstract


RÉSUMÉ
Introduction. Les grossesses chez les adolescentes constituent un problème de santé publique surtout en Afrique au sud du Sahara. La présente étude a pour objectif de déterminer la fréquence des grossesses chez les lycéennes et collégiennes du département du Borgou ainsi que les facteurs associés. Méthodologie. Il s’agit d’une étude transversale à visée descriptive et analytique qui s’était déroulée dans les lycées et collèges du département du Borgou. La population d’étude était constituée des collégiennes et lycéennes âgées de 12 ans au moins et ayant donné leur consentement. Le dépistage de la grossesse a été faite par un test urinaire. Résultats. Au total 360 collégiennes et lycéennes ont participé à l’étude. Leur âge moyen était de 16,96 ± 1,98 ans. Parmi elles, 17 étaient porteuses d’une grossesse soit une fréquence de 4,72 %. Les facteurs associés à la grossesse en analyse multivariée étaient le fait d’être mariée, le fait de vivre seule, les mauvaises relations avec les parents, l’absence de discussion du sexe avec les parents et les activités parascolaires. Conclusion. La fréquence des grossesses en milieu scolaire est en augmentation. Il urge d’adopter des mesures préventives.

ABSTRACT
Introduction. Teenage pregnancies tend to be a public health problem especially in Africa south of the Sahara. The objective of our study was to establish the frequency of pregnancies among high school and college girls in the department of Borgou as well as the associated risk factors. Methods. This was a cross-sectional descriptive and analytical study that took place in high schools and colleges in the department of Borgou. The study population consisted of middle school and high school students aged 12 and over who had given their consent. Screening for pregnancy was done by a rapid diagnostic urine test. Results. A total of 360 middle school and high school students participated in the study. Their mean age was 16.96 ± 1.98 years. In our study population, 17 girls were pregnant (4.72%). Factors associated with pregnancy in multivariate analysis were being married, living alone, poor relationships with parents, lack of discussion of sex with parents and extracurricular activities. Conclusion. The frequency of pregnancies in schools is clearly increasing. It is urgent to adopt preventive measures.


Keywords


Grossesse - Lycéennes - Collégiennes - Borgou - Bénin

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References


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