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Abstract


RÉSUMÉ
Objective. To assess national vaccination coverage, adverse events following immunization (AEFI) and evaluate the vaccination status in COVID infected patients. Methods. Sociodemographic data on vaccination and clinical characteristics of Covid-19 cases were extracted from the national COVID-19 databases of the Public Health Emergency Center and the Expanded Program on Immunization. Result. A total number of 808 229 out of 27 869 965 (2.9%) were fully immunized on 13 February 2022 in the Cameroon. The most requested vaccine was Janssen with 48.24% of total doses administered. Women were less vaccinated than men and with a remarkable disparity in northern regions of the country. The Adamawa region presented the best performance 11.3% of adults fully immunized. Despite vaccinal coverage still insufficient among health care worker, they were the most vaccinated among priority groups (43.4%). Only 8% COVID-19 cases were vaccinated and 0.22 % of all vaccinated still developed COVID-19. Tolerability assessment identified 1.83 non-serious AEFI and 0.1 serious AEFI per 1000 doses administered. Only 7% of vaccinated individual still developed laboratory-confirmed COVID-19. Conclusion. COVID-19 vaccination coverage is still low in Cameroon compared to the target of 60%. Although data completeness is still an issue, the protection against severe forms of the disease provided by the vaccines currently used is quite satisfactory. There is however a need to intensify all strategies to make people adhere to vaccination in order to protect them against severe form of the disease.
ABSTRACT
Objectif. Évaluer la couverture vaccinale nationale, les manifestations adverses post-immunisation (MAPI) et d'évaluer le statut vaccinal des patients infectés par la COVID. Méthodes. Les données sociodémographiques sur la vaccination et les caractéristiques cliniques des cas de COVID-19 ont été extraites des bases de données nationales du COVID-19 du Centre des Urgences de Santé Publique et du Programme Élargi de Vaccination. Résultat. Un nombre total de 808 229 sur 27 869 965 (2,9%) a été complètement vacciné le 13 février 2022 au Cameroun. Le vaccin le plus demandé était Janssen avec 48,24 % des doses totales administrées. La région de l'Adamaoua présentait la meilleure performance (11,3% d'adultes totalement vaccines). Les personnels soignants étaient les plus vaccinés parmi les groupes prioritaires (43,4%). Seuls 8 % des cas de COVID-19 ont été vaccinés et 0,22 % de tous les vaccinés ont encore développé le COVID-19. L'évaluation de la tolérance a identifié 1,83 MAPI non graves et 0,1 MAPI grave pour 1000 doses administrées. Seuls 7% des individus vaccinés ont encore développé le COVID-19 confirmé en laboratoire. Conclusion. La couverture vaccinale COVID-19 est encore faible au Cameroun par rapport à l'objectif de 60%. La protection contre les formes graves de la maladie apportée par les vaccins actuellement utilisés est tout à fait satisfaisante. Il est cependant nécessaire d'intensifier toutes les stratégies pour faire adhérer la population à la vaccination afin de les protéger contre les formes graves de la maladie.

Keywords

Vaccination Covid-19 infection Cameroon Coverage Vaccination infection Covid-19 Cameroun Couverture

Article Details

How to Cite
Adidja Amani, Andreas Ateke Njoh, Christian Mouangue, Cheuyem Lekeumo Fabrice Zobel, & Tatiana Mossus. (2022). Vaccination Coverage and Safety in Cameroon; Descriptive Assessment of COVID-19 Infection in Vaccinated Individuals. HEALTH SCIENCES AND DISEASE, 23(8). Retrieved from https://hsd-fmsb.org/index.php/hsd/article/view/3806

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