La Conjonctivite à Varicelle Est-Elle Vraiment Rare ?

Rodrigue Romuald Elien Gangnan Yan zaou tou, Aissatou Simaga Sangho, Seydou Bakayoko, Seydou Diallo, Sidibe Mohamed Kolé, Sissoko Modibo, Lamine Traoré

Abstract


RÉSUMÉ
La varicelle est une maladie très contagieuse due à un virus, de la famille des Herpes viridae, nommé VZV (Varicelle-Zona Virus). La varicelle peut atteindre toutes les structures du globe oculaire. La situation épidémiologique de la varicelle en Afrique est méconnue. La description de la répartition de la varicelle et de ses complications oculaires en Afrique est nécessaire. Notre observation porte sur une jeune adolescente, immunocompétente, présentant une inflammation des conjonctives associée à des dermatoses prurigineuses d’âges variables. Elle a été reçue en consultation au CHU-IOTA le 11 Mars 2020. Maladie immunisante, la varicelle est évitable par la vaccination.

ABSTRACT
Chickenpox is a highly contagious disease caused by a virus, of the family Herpes viridae, called VZV (Varicella-Zoster Virus). Chickenpox can affect any structure in the eyeball. The epidemiological situation of chickenpox in Africa is not well known. A description of the distribution of chickenpox and its ocular complications in Africa is necessary. Our observation concerns a young girl, immunocompetent with inflammation of the conjunctiva associated with pruritic dermatoses of varying ages. She was received in consultation at IOTA-Teaching Hospital on March 11, 2020. An immunizing disease, chickenpox is preventable by vaccination.

Keywords


Conjonctivite virale, Varicelle, Mali

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