Céphalhématome Ossifié du Nourrisson

Maguette Mbaye, ELC Ndiaye Sy, Y Cisse, LF Barry, AB Thiam, M Thioub, N Ndoye, MC Ba, SB Badiane

Abstract


RÉSUMÉ
Les céphalhématomes survenant chez le nouveau-né disparaissent généralement en quatre semaines. Ils ont rarement tendance à s'ossifier et à présenter une tuméfaction dure du cuir chevelu. Nous rapportons le cas d’un nourrisson de six mois qui avait été admis à la clinique de neurochirurgie du CHU de Fann de Dakar, pour une tuméfaction pariétale gauche dure, déformant la tête. La tomodensitométrie de la tête avait montré un épaississement de l'os pariétal gauche avec un contenu hypodense entre les couches osseuses.  Une intervention chirurgicale a été réalisée chez ce nourrisson avec des suites simples. Le céphalhématome persiste rarement, conduisant à un processus d’ossification plutôt que de calcification. Le traitement du céphalhématome reste controversé.
ABSTRACT
Cephalohaematoma in newborn usually disappears within four weeks.  They rarely progress to ossification and hard swelling of the scalp. We report the case of a six-month-old infant who was admitted in the neurosurgery unit of the Fann University Hospital in Dakar, for a hard left parietal swelling with deformation of the head. Head  CT scan showed left parietal bone thickening with hypodense content between bone layers.  Surgery was performed with simple suite. Cephalohaematoma rarely persists, and a process of ossification rather than calcification is also rare. Its treatment is controversial.

Keywords


Céphalhématome, ossification, nourrisson, neurochirurgie

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