Facteurs de Risque Cardiovasculaire en Chirurgie Urologique à Ngaoundéré (Cameroun)

M O Pancha, HC Ngangao, TJ Ngoufack, F Ndanki, NJ Eloundou

Abstract


RÉSUMÉ
Objectif. Déterminer la fréquence des facteurs de risque cardiovasculaire (FRCV) chez des patients bénéficiant d’une chirurgie urologique à Ngaoundéré au Cameroun. Population et méthodes. Une étude transversale a été conduite au service de chirurgie urologique de la clinique islamique de Ngaoundéré au Cameroun. Les données sociodémographiques, cliniques et biologiques ont été collectées chez les patients qui y étaient admis pour une intervention urologique et analysées à l’aide du logiciel Sphinx V5. Résultats. Au total, 58 patients ont participé à l’étude.  Les fréquences de l’obésité, du surpoids, du diabète, de l’hypertension artérielle, et de la sédentarité étaient respectivement de 3,4%, 17,2%, 19%, 24,1%, et 39,7%. La prévalence des taux élevés de triglycérides, de cholestérol total, et de cholestérol Low Density Lipoprotein (LDL) était respectivement de 1,7%, 8,60% et de 29,3% celle des taux faibles de cholestérol High Density Lipoprotein (HDL) était de 29,3%. L’allongement du séjour post opératoire était la complication la plus fréquente (70,9 %). Elle était significativement liée à l’hypertension artérielle (p < 0,034). Conclusion. Ce travail révèle une prévalence élevée de l’hypertension artérielle, du diabète, de la sédentarité, des taux faibles de cholestérol LDL et des taux élevés de cholestérol HD L dans la population étudiée.

ABSTRACT
Objective. To determine frequency of cardiovascular risk factors in patients undergoing urological surgery in Ngaounderé, Cameroon. Population and methods. A cross-sectional study was conducted in the urological surgery department of Ngaoundere islamic clinic in Cameroun. Sociodemographic, clinical and biological data were collected from patients admitted for urological surgery and analyzed using Sphinx V5 software. Results. A total of 58 patients took part in the study. Frequencies of obesity, overweight, diabetes, high blood pressure and physical inactivity were 3.40%, 17.20%, 19%, 24.10%, and 39.7% respectively. Prevalence rates of high levels of triglycerides, total cholesterol, and LDL cholesterol were l. 7 %, 8.60 % and 29.3% respectively. Delay of the post-operative hospitalization was the most frequent post-operative complication (70.91%). It was significantly associated with high blood pressure (p <0.034). Conclusion. The study reveals a high prevalence of high blood pressure, diabetes, physical inactivity, high serum LDL cholesterol and low serum HDL in the study population.

Keywords


Facteurs de risque cardiovasculaire, Chirurgie urologique

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References


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