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Abstract

Aim:The aim of our study was to determine whether the ocular complications of onchocerciasis influenced the compliance with CDTI.

 

Materials and methods: We conducted a cross-sectional descriptive study including all subjects aged 10 years or more. . The variables studied were visual acuity, type of visual impairment, gender, onchocerciasis ocular manifestations, the number of time  Ivermectin was  taken over the last 5 years.

 

Results:We recruited 764 patients or 1528 eyes. The number of eyes with ocular manifestations of onchocerciasis was 56 while the number of eyes without was 1472. We found a prevalence of 48% good adherence CDTI within the general population. Nevertheless the prevalence among cases was of 57% good compliance compared to a prevalence of 48% among controls (P = 0.28). This similarity in the pattern of taking Ivermectin between female and male was found.

 

Conclusion:

Patients with onchocerciasis ocular involvement showed better compliance to CDTI in the Littoral region. Gender is not a factor influencing compliance to CDTI in our study in contrast to some available reports in the literature. The pattern of taking Ivermectin is not a contributing factor predisposing male to onchocerciasis ocular involvement. In the absence of visual impairment, patients with onchocerciasis ocular involvement have better compliance to CDTI. : The presence of onchocerciasis ocular involvement seems to be a motivating factor to a better compliance to CDTI for affected patients.

 

Keywords: Compliance, Onchocerciasis, Ivermectin , Cameroon

Article Details

Author Biography

Emilienne Epee, FMBS

chargée de cours  département dophthalmologie ORL
How to Cite
Epee, E., Afetane, T. G., Aboutou, R., & Bella Assumpta, L. (2014). Lésions oculaires de l’onchocercose et observance au Traitement à L’Ivermectine Sous Directives Communautaires (TIDC). HEALTH SCIENCES AND DISEASE, 15(2). Retrieved from https://hsd-fmsb.org/index.php/hsd/article/view/338

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