Authors are advised to review several recently published articles in HSD to familiarize themselves with HSD format and requirements. Complete instructions for preparing a manuscript for electronic submission to can be found online at http://hsd-fmsb.org



Manuscripts should be submitted as Microsoft Word format (.doc, version 2003 or docx version 2007 only). Manuscripts must be single spaced, left justified only, and in a basic font (e.g., Courier New, Arial, Helvetica, Times New Roman, and Calibri) no smaller than 12 points. To ensure anonymity in the peer review process, authors names should appear on only the full title page; names of authors, their initials, and their institution(s) should not be given in the text or on the illustrations. The anonymity of patients and subjects must be preserved.



Radiation measurements and laboratory values should be given in the International System of Units (SI). Abbreviations should be spelled out when first used in the text for example, cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and the use of abbreviations should be kept to a minimum. In general, only standard abbreviations will be used.



Submit the full title page separately from the text of the document.

The text of the manuscript should be submitted as a single document in the following order: abbreviated title page, abstract, text, acknowledgements (if any), references, tables (embedded, one per page), figure legends. Images must be uploaded individually. An appendix (if a text document) should be uploaded as part of the main body of the manuscript. However, if the appendix is a multimedia file, it must be uploaded separately.

Full title page.This page should be uploaded separately and include the title of the manuscript; the first and last names, middle initials, academic degrees, and institutions (including department) of all authors; the name and address of the institution from which the work originated; the telephone number, the fax or telex number, and the e-mail address of the corresponding author; and any funding information. The address for correspondence should include the complete name, street address, and e-mail. Indicate the type of manuscript being submitted (e.g., original research, clinical cases, review, brief report, Editorial, Letter to the Editor, etc.). Provide the word count for the text

Abbreviated title page. include only the following items, in this order: (a) manuscript title, (b) manuscript type.

Abstract. Original research manuscripts must include a structured abstract of 250 words or fewer. The abstract must be divided into four sections: (a) Background or Purpose, a brief statement of the study purpose; (b) Materials and Methods, numbers of patients or subjects, imaging studies and tests performed, analysis methods; (c) Results, major findings; and (d) Conclusion, a one- or two-sentence statement of conclusions derived from the results. For State of the Art, Review, or other similar submissions, an unstructured one-paragraph abstract of 100 250 words should summarize the content of the submission, but specific headings should not be included.



The text of original research manuscripts should be arranged in sections under the following headings: Introduction, Materials and Methods, Results, and Discussion. There is a 4000-word limit for these sections of the text. Subheadings in the Materials and Methods and Results sections are encouraged. Avoid idiosyncratic word usage, nonstandard terms or abbreviations, and self-evaluation of your work (e.g., novel, unique). Please spell out in full any acronym or abbreviation when first used both in the Abstract and in the text.



Manuscript receipt will be acknowledged when the submission is complete. If you do not receive an acknowledgement, please contact us.